EPSTEIN BARR VIRUS
Understanding Epstein Barr Virus (EBV)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), also known as human herpesvirus 4, is a member of the herpes virus family. It is one of the most common human viruses in the world. EBV is found all over the world. Most people get infected with EBV at some point in their lives. EBV spreads most commonly through bodily fluids, primarily saliva. EBV can cause infectious mononucleosis, also called mono, and other illnesses.
- =Inflamed throat
- =Swollen lymph nodes in the neck
- =Swollen liver
What happens when you get EBV?
The first time you get infected with EBV (primary EBV infection) you can spread the virus for weeks and even before you have symptoms. Once the virus is in your body, it stays there in a latent (inactive) state. If the virus reactivates, you can potentially spread EBV to others no matter how much time has passed since the initial infection.
How is EVB transmitted?
Shairing drinks or utensiles
Sharing drinks and food
Contact with drool or saliva
Infectious mononucleosis. IM usually occurs during adolescence or adulthood but can occasionally affect children and the elderly. Other infections that can cause infectious mononucleosis:
- =Cytomegalovirus (CMV)
- =Hepatitis A, B, or C